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22 August 2006


Her English names were Betsy or Betsey and Elizabeth and probably Eliza and possibly Pricilla. Her Lenape name was Wilaquenaho or Willaquenaho. Her married name was first Marshall and then probably, second, Fish. In the William Gillis Probate Papers she is referred to as Eliza and Elizabeth. Elizabeth. Betsy Wilaquenaho was born  about 1796-1797, probably in the Northwest Territory (present Ohio).  She may have died in the Indian Territory (present Oklahoma) on 30 October 1875. Her father may have been Ninundekumen, a Miami Indian. His English name is not known at this time. Her mother was possibly Echelangonaockwe who was born about 1782 and who died about 1825. Echelangonaockwe's  mother was possibly Ahkechelungunaqua, a sister of Mehshaquowha (Captain Patterson).  If this is so, then it appears that Mekinges/Makengis/Macunchis was her sister or half sister because they appear to have shared the same mother, Ahkechelungunaqua. It would  then follow that Mekengis was Wilaquenaho's aunt. It is also possible that Betsy Wilaquenaho might have gone by the name of Ketchum because she was adopted or  for some other reason. However, Mrs. Melinda Wilcoxen said in Perl Morgan, History of Wyandotte County, 1911, that her aunt  and two of her cousins had married white men. These women are thought to have been Wilaquenaho and her daughters Anna Marshall and Rosanna Marshall, suggesting that they were of the Ketchum Family.  In any event, it appears that  Wilaquenaho was a Ketchum descendant. Helen York Rose in I Walked in the Footsteps of My Grandfather, p 178, says that her father was Twehullahlah.  We are still trying to sort all of this out.

And, another approach, "As you know your Achechelungunaqua was the 2nd wife of Chief William Anderson ... her first husband was TWEE HUL LAH LAH nicked named Ketchum.  Children, step children made no difference in those times...what a concept! Pratt gave us the last look at Chief William Anderson and wrote about his wives! " (Peggy Smith  pjsmith@rmi.net ) A difficult person  to research.

Betsy Wilaquenaho  married William H.  Marshall, the Indian Trader, probably sometime before 1820, the birth year of their first child, Anna Marshall. William H. Marshall (see Bibliography) was the son of Henry and Mary (family name not known) Marshall, who died in probably Miami County, Ohio, in 1837 and 1841, respectively. Henry Marshall and Mary Marshall are reported to have lived with their son, Samuel Marshall (brother  of William Marshall), in their later years.  Betsy  and William Marshall migrated with the tribe from Ohio to Indiana to possibly Cape Girardeau and then Southwest Missouri in the 1820s. In the William Gillis Probate Papers, p. 231 in the transcription entitled "Gillis Probate" by Marsha H. Rising, Wilaquenaho made the following statements regarding her residence in present Greene County, Missouri. Unfortunately, the preceding page, p. 230, is missing in the transcript. Because one page is missing, it is difficult to tell what the date of the testimony was, but it was probably present at court about 14 July 1870.

Question. Are you a Delaware Indian?
Answer: Yes, I am a Delaware.
Q. Did the Delaware Indians ever live on James Fork of James River?
A. Yes they used to live there.
Q. Was there a trading post among the Delawares when they lived  on White River or James Fork of White River?
A. Yes - had a merchant there...
Q. What was the names of the merchant or merchants that sold goods to the Delaware Indians?
A. Gillis was selling goods to Delawares.
Q. When the Delawares left the trading post on White River or James Fork of White River and moved away, did you move with them?
A. No, after one year I moved there. [Note that she doesn't say anything about moving with William Marshall, but is is assumed that she did. The year of her removal was probably 1831-1832. ]
Q. Did you know Gillis the merchant that traded with the Delawares?
A. Yes, I knew him well - the first time I saw him was at the Currants [.] after that Gillis moved to White River or James Fork of the White River.
Q. Do you mean to say that the Delawares moved from Current River to White River or James Fork of White River?
A. Yes I moved from Current, my husband and Gillis all moved together from Current River.
Q. What was your husband's name?
A.  His name was William Marshall...
Q. Did you know of any Piankeshaw women living at the trading post of James Fork of White River while you lived there?
A. Te Piankeshaws lived on White River when I was living on James Fork
Q. Did you ever see a Piankeshaw woman by the name of Kah-ke-to-qua [the alleged wife of William Gillis] at the trading post on James Fork...
A. I never see him - I lived 8 miles from the trading post on James Fork.
Q. Did you mean to say that you lived 8 miles from the trading post on James Fork?
A. That is what it is.
Q. How old are you?
A. About seventy years old. It is admitted by the Defendants counsel that deponent lived about nine miles from Baxter Springs, Kansas. [Emphasis added. Why is Elizabeth Marshall doing at that place?]
Elizabeth Marshall x (her mark)

She and her children went on to the Delaware Reserve in present Kansas about 1830-1832. William Marshall was reported to have gone to Kansas in the Spring of 1832 and to have returned to Missouri in 1833. If he did, he probably did not stay there long because he died probably in 1834. His will was challenged in Greene County, Missouri by his parents who resided in Ohio, possibly Miami County, and by his sisters who lived in Missouri. In these papers Mrs. Marshall is referred to as Priscilla (Indian), who is BELIEVED to be the same as the subject Elizabeth Wilaquenaho.

It appears that Betsy married second, or at had two children, Eliza Jane and Sarah Ann, by a Shawnee Indian named Arch Fish. On a Delaware Roll of the Cherokee Nation dated 31 March 1904, Sarah Ann  McCamish  Rankin shows Arch Fish as her father and Betsy Fish as her mother. If Betsy was the wife of Arch Fish, then it is not clear why there is on the Roll or Census of the Delaware Tribe of Nations within the Fort Leavenworth Agency for the Year 1842 there is a Mrs. Marshall, Roll  No. 104, with one male of 10 and under 40, two females under 10, two females of 10 and under 40, one female over 40 , that is Willaquenaho, a total of six persons. ( Fay Louise Smith Arellano, Delaware Trails: Some Tribal Records 1842-1907, p. 3. ) This appears to be Betsy Wilaquenaho as the children "fit" and we know of no other "Mrs. Marshall" at this time. As indicated below, other records also show Betsy as "Betsy Marshall," "Elizabeth Marshall," "WiLaQueNaHo," "Mrs. Marshall,"  or "Widow Marshall."  It may be possible that Betsy and Arch Fish were never officially married or that Betsy chose to retain the name Marshall for a legal or some other purpose. It appears that she may have had more than one child by a father other than William Marshall, probably Arch Fish. [We should point out here that many Native American marriages were not "marriages" in the legal style of the government. Nevertheless, they were relationships that were accepted according to the mores and values of the people of whom they were a part. We speak of the "marriage" of Betsy Wilaquenaho and William Marshall, for example, but to date we have found no "legal" documents relating to their relationship. Yet they were accepted as a "couple" by both Native Americans and their white contemporaries.] Descendant Wanda Weeks said in a letter to Thomas F. Hahn in the 1970s, "Wanda Weeks mentioned children [Mary Jane Tiblow, Eliza Jane Fish, and Sarah Rankin McCamish that were named  in the settlement of Wilaquenaho's estate. Unfortunately, we can find nothing regarding the estate of Betsy Wilaquenaho Marshall. Wanda also said, "She had a brother named William and that is where the Idaho Delawares come in." Note that William is not listed in the below order of children.

There are indications that Arch Fish was a brother of Paschal Fish, a noted Shawnee chief. We suspect that there was only one Shawnee Indian named Arch Fish in Kansas in the 1830's, and that he was married to Betsy Marshall.  It appears that Paschal Fish that was related to Tecumseh, and thus, the Shawnee Prophet. The Shawnee Prophet died in Argentine, Kansas in late 1836, about the time frame for Arch and Betsy to have been married.

The children of Betsy Wilaquenaho, not necessarily in the order of birth, are:
   1.  Anna Marshall. Her father was William Marshall. Anna married Moses Read Grinter. She had 1862 Allotment No. 127. (See Biographies)
   2.  Mary Ann Marshall. Her father was William Marshall. Mary Ann  married Henry Tiblow. She had 1862 Allotment No. 117. (See Biographies) [Missing link to be found. Editor]
   3.  John Marshall. His father was William Marshall. (See Biographies)
   4.  Samuel Marshall. His father was William Marshall.
   5.  Rosanna Marshall. Her father was William  Marshall. Rosanna married James C. Grinter. She had 1862  allotment No. 136.
   6. Eliza Jane "Fish". Her father was Arch Fish.
   7. Sarah "Sally/Sallie" Ann "Fish". Her father  was Arch Fish. Sarah Ann married  Rankin and McCamish. Sarah Ann had 1862 Allotment No. 71. (See Biographies) The McCamish that she married may have been William McCamish, Sr. (1835-1928), whose brother was a Judge McCamish, buried in the Grinter Chapel Cemetery in present Kansas City, Kansas. We had thought that Sarah Ann was the daughter of Betsy Wilaquenaho and William Marshall. This did not quite "fit" because it also appeared from various records that Sarah Ann's birth was after the death of William Marshall in 1834. A search of available records now reveals that Sarah Ann is the daughter of Betsy Wilaquenaho and Arch Fish a Shawnee Indian. Her record is being revised accordingly.
(Researchers: Tom Swiftwater Hahn
  and Vickie Wilkins)

Because Arch Fish may have been the second spouse of Wilaquenaho, we will add data on him as we come across it. An item from http:www.shawnee-traditions.com.Names-11.html

Jackson, John aka John Fish - 1/4 Shawnee Métis born about 1799 - died after 1832 KS - son of William Jackson aka Fish - adopted white & Polly Rogers  - 1.2 Shawnee Métis, brother of Elizabeth Nakease/98 & William Jackson/1800, half brother of Arch Fish/90, Paschal Fish/92, Isaac Fish/94. Jackson Fish/95 & Jesse Fish/96, Treaty 1831, 1832, move to KS 1832.

For some reason, Betsy/Wilaquenaho does not appear as a Marshall or anyone else on the Delaware Payroll of 18 April 1857, although there is a No. 182 Mrs. White Fish to be accounted for with three children, having received $402.50. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 14) Likewise, Betsy does not appear on the Delaware Payroll of 1 January 1858, although there is a No. 165 Widow White Fish/Mary Ann, two women and two children, having received $95.00, to be accounted for. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 21) Could it be that she has a different names in these rolls? A Mrs. Marshall [with the notation "Jim Grinter's wife's mother (that is, Betsy Wilaquenaho, the mother of Rosanna) appears on page 214 of Moses R. Grinter's Trading Post Records ca. 1860 as owing $14.60. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 81). On 8 November 1861, the U.S. Government allotted "Betsey Marshall," 15 December 1862 In the 15 February 1862 Census of the Delaware Tribe of Indians within the Delaware Agency (Kansas) she is listed a being 65 years of age [that is, born about 1797]. She had Allotment No. 70 and Census No. 531 on the 1862 census roll, Lot 5 of SE 4 (41.65 acres) and Lot 6 (56.30 acres) of SW 4,  Section 21 South, Township 11, Range 24 East, a total of  97.95 acres,  in present Kansas City, Wyandotte Co., Kansas.  (Pratt Papers, microfilm edition, Roll 9, frame 270. This data can also be found in Smith-Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 28. It is likely that she left that property to her daughter, Anna Marshall Grinter, who was allotted Lots 7 and 8 in the southeast quarter of section 21. (See Anna Marshall) Her daughter Eliza Jane Fish's allotment is listed immediately below hers on the list as No. 71 and No. 1862 on the 1862 census roll along with her daughter Sarah Ann Rankins, No. 72 and No. 687 on the 1862 census roll. There is an intriguing piece of information for No. 888 Betsy Shawnee in the Allotments where she is given Section W/2 NE/4 of Section 20 in Township 11 (p. 57) and  which she transferred by sale to Rosanna Grinter (p. 66). (Arellano, Delaware Trails). Isn't it interesting to note Rosanna and John Marshall, children of John Marshall, the son of Betsy Wilaquenaho, also had land in the same section and same township, Section E/2 SE/4 and W/2 SE/4 of Section respectively of Section 20, Township 11. as did William Henry, son of Annie Marshall Grinter (E/2 SW/4). The only "Shawnee" that seems to appear in the records up to this point  is Arch Fish, Shawnee Indian, father of Sarah Ann Fish, the daughter of Betsy Wilaquenaho. However, later on in the Delaware Semi-Annual Payment for 1866 there is a No. 186 Betsy Shawnee, whose payment was signed for by Susan Shawnee, in addition to Betsy Marshall's entry as No. 11 noted above. (Ibid. pp. 171, 177.)  Betsy Shawnee was No. 262, 1962 Allotment No. 888, on the list of Delaware who elected to retain their tribal relations in 1867, as well as No. 263, 1862 Allotment No. 890, John Shawnee, No. 265, 1862 Allotment No. Susan Shawnee, and No. 547, 1862 Allotment No. 870 Jane Shawnee. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, pp. 198-199, 208). However, the name "Shawnee" is probably only a coincidence and Rosanna Marshall Grinter was probably trying to consolidate her land near her family. [This reference to "Shawnee will be removed from Betsy's biography once we have established the genealogy of that family. Editor] Widow Marshall (alias Wilaquenaho) was by herself as No. 531 on the Delaware Census of 15 February 1862, with 1862 Allotment No. 70, at age 65 [born 1797]. ("Delaware Allotments Treaty, dated May 1960, cited in Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 106). Widow Marshall is included in the Delaware Dwelling Structures, Crop Products and Livestock ca. 1 October 1865 with a log house, 12 acres of wheat crop, 7 acres of corn, 1 1/2 acres of potatoes, and two horses. ("Delaware Dwelling Structures, crop products and livestock ca. October 1, 1856, cited in Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 144). In the Delaware Semi-Annual Annuity Payment for 1866, No. 11 Betsey Marshall received $40, signed for by E. J. Fish. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 171.) It is significant that a Fish signed for her, because normally only close relatives were allowed to do so. Of course, this Fish could have been her son-in-law rather than relating to her relationship with Arch Fish. Betsy Marshall is by herself  as No. 326 in the list of Delaware Payments for October 1865, receiving $40.00 ("Delaware Semi-Annual Annuity Payment October 1865," cited in Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 161) She is followed on the listing by her daughters Sallie A. Rankin, No. 327 with 2 children, 1 child, receiving $120.00 (Ibid.); No. 329 Eliza Jane Fish, by herself, receiving $40.00; No. 329 Lucinda Marshall, who we think is her daughter by herself, receiving $40; and rounding out this grouping is No. 328, Quachachehese, by herself, receiving $40.00. (Ibid., p.162) Who is she and why is she in this family group? Betsey Marshall is No. 11, by herself,  on the Delaware Semi-Annual Annuity Payment for 1866, receiving $120.00 signed for by E. I Fish. [possibly her daughter Liza Jane] Several of her children and grandchildren are close to her on the listing. ("Delaware Semi-Annual Annuity Payment for 1866, cited in Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 171)

Betsy Marshall, 1862 Allotment No. 70, is on the list of Delaware Indians Who Elected to Dissolve Their Tribal Relations and Become Citizens of the United States under the Treaty of 4 July 1866, at age 66 [born ca.1796-1800, depending on what year the age was based. She later went to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) because she later documents show that she was there. In the Probate Papers of William Gillis, Eliza Marshall was living about a mile from John Sarcoxie who lived at the Headwaters of the Caney River. She was reported to have died in Indian Territory in 1875. [Source?] There seems to be no record of Betsy in Indian Territory (Oklahoma) until 1898. Betsy Marshall is listed on an unidentified "Index." This listing is in a small paperback pamphlet containing the names of Delaware Indians who moved from their Kansas home down into Indian Territory among the Cherokee. It is said that the type was set and the pamphlet published in the office of the Cherokee Phoenix newspaper at Tahlequah, I. T. It appears to have been done between 1898 and 1905. The list is presented in its entirety with the following comments: "1. The numbers used are those which were assigned by the Dawes Commission..." In that listing, Betsy Marshall is shown as No. 962 as dead , with John 401, Lucinda 310, Polly 402, and Rosanna 400. (Arellano, Delaware Trails, p. 251)  A listing of Delaware Indians Residing in the Cherokee Nation on 4 August, 1898, shows their lands, improvements, location, and valuation of improvements in possession of them prior to and on that date. In that listing, Betsy Marshall is cited with Register No. 962-D[ead] but in the CooWeeScooWee District [while living] with children living Mary Ann Tiblow, age 76 [born ca.1822]; Sarah Ann McCommish, age 57 (born ca.1841]; John Marshall, [Jr.], grandchild, age 41 [born ca.1857[*; and, Alice J. Lynch, grandchild , age 42 [born ca.1858]. Notes: a) John McCracken, Henry Armstrong, H. M. Adams were witnesses. b) See Reg. 939, 963, 401, 964 for improvements  c) Jan. 2, 1899. Dec. 8, 1898, May 16, 1989. Those "improvements" were: No. 939 Daughter Mary Ann Tiblow , age 76 [1822] under Henry Tiblow--1/2 mile S. of Willow Springs School House; No. 963 daughter Sarah Ann Rankins, alias Sarah A. McCommish, age 63 [1835], at Willow Springs IT, 63 acres cultivated, 130 acres not cultivated, value $3,000; and, No. 401 John Marshall [Wilaquenaho's grandson], L[iving] at age 41, On E. Side Caney R. at Halfmoon ford, 18 acres cultivated, 10 acres enclosed, 160 acres not enclosed, value $400.
An Elizabeth Marshall was buried in the Gilstrap Cemetery #2, approximately six miles south of Bartlesville on Silver Lake Road on the Tyler-Irwin farm. There is no grave marker for her or for the other occupants of the cemetery except for three stones which were removed to the face of an adjacent farm pond. It  is likely that the cemetery was disturbed in the creation of the pond. We believe that this is the burial site of Elizabeth (Betsy) Wilaquenaho.
* John Marshall, Jr., went to Indian Territory on 30 May, 1875, apparently the spring before Betsy died if we have the right Elizabeth Marshall's grave site. He lived in the CooWeeScooWee District with a post office address of Nowata, Indian Territory.

Site of the grave of Elizabeth "Betsy" Wilaquenaho in the Gilstrap Cemetery #2. From left-to-right: Silas Peach on the base marker for James Welch, his daughter Vickie (Peach) Wilkins on the base marker for Nathan Welch, and Vickie's mother (wife of Silas Peach)  on the base marker for Mrs. Peter Welch (according to Ruby Cranor's map of the cemetery and headstones found in the well of a pond dam that  would fit the base markers on which they were standing). There is no stone remaining for Elizabeth Marshall nor any of the other occupants other than those of the Welch grave markers that had been moved. Elizabeth Marshall's burial site would have been about where the shovel is according to Ruby Cranor's map. Vickie (Peach) Wilkins is her fourth great grand-daughter and Lillie (Stephenson) Peach is her third great grand-daughter. Vickie Wilkins did the research for finding the burial site of Wilaquenaho and provided this photograph taken in November 2000. Researchers: Tom Swiftwater Hahn and Vickie Wilkins.
An additional entry for Wilaquenaho regarding her maternal grandmother Ahkechelungunaqua was submitted by Laurence D. Heady:
She was of the Turtle Clan Unami and was sister to Meshaquowha-Captain William Patterson. He became Chief of the Cape Girardeau Delaware Band, after the death of Kikthawenund, Chief William Anderson. It is through Ahkechelungunaqua that our family is related to the prominent Ketchum Family.
(Enquiries regarding this entry should be sent to
with an information copy to the Editor swiftwater@lenapedelawarehistory.net .

See the entry under Twehullahlah for additional insight and data.

Condensed Ancestry of our Researcher, Vickie Peach Wilkins, by her submission:
1. Wilaquenaho born ca.1797, died ca.1875, spouse William H. Marshall, died ca.1834
   2. Mary Ann Marshall born 12 March 1823, spouse Henry Tiblow born 9 February 1818, died 16 December 1900
     3. Mary Cummins Tiblow born ca.1851, died 6 February 1901, spouse Andrew Stephenson born ca.1845, died
       31 March 1900
        4. Fannie Francis Stephenson born ca.1877, died 1924, John William Davis born ca. 1874
           5. Freddie Andrew Stephenson born 23 December 1894, died 14 October 1962, spouse Ethel Rose Pliley-Robinson-Delmar
              6. Lillie Florence Stephenson born 8 June 1936, spouse Silas Albert Peach born 24 December 1931
                  7. Vickie Lynn Peach born 17 October 1957, spouse Boyd Carter
                      8. Regina Lynette Carter born 28 May 1977
                  7. Vickie Lynn Peach, spouse Tim Hale
                      8. Stacey Lavonne Hale born 19 February 198800
                  7. Vickie Lynn Peach, spouse Robert (Bob) Wilkins
For information regarding this family, write to Vickie Wilkins E-mail:

           * * *

Condensed ancestry of Web Site Editor Thomas Strong Swiftwater Hahn and Web Technical Editor, Chris Hahn:
1. Wilaquenaho born ca.1797, died ca.1875, spouse William H. Marshall, died ca.1834
   2. Anna "Annie" Marshall, born 8 January 1820, died 28 June 1905, spouse Moses Read Grinter, born  12 March 1809, died 12 June 1878.
     3. Mary Jane Grinter, born 3 May 1843, died 27 July 1882, spouse Audley Paul Defries, born 1830, died 27 July 1882.
       4. Martha "Mattie" Frances Defries, born 10 December 1867, died 27 August 1950, spouse Christian "Chris" Frederick Hahn, born 10 December 1867, died 3 July 1934.
          5. Walter Frederick Hahn, born 28 October 1895, died 4 February 1967, spouse Florence Vivian Torgeson, born 23 March 1897, died 5 October 1998
              6. Minneluzahan (Strong Swiftwater)/ Thomas "Tom" Frederick Hahn, born 5 November 1926, spouse  Lena Elizabeth "Beth" Curtis
                  7. Christopher "Chris" Frederick Hahn, born 29 August 1951, spouse Martha "Marti" Von Bauman
                      8. Beverly Anne Hahn, born 27 May 1983
              6. Minneluzahan (Strong Swiftwater) /Thomas "Tom" Frederick Hahn, spouse Nathalie Irene White
(For information regarding this family, write to Tom Swiftwater Hahn swiftwater@lenapedelawarehistory.net

The first entry is based on Helen York Rose, I Walked in the Footsteps of My Grandfather, pp. 174a, 177-180, 182, published in 1989. Some of the data conflicts with other sources. As Helen York Rose says on page 175, "The Ketchum Family is  a little harder to work on...[as] in the other families I worked on.

1. Twehullahlah. [Possibly born about 1760] His names supposedly translates into "Could Run and Catch Deer" or Catchum=Ketchum, hence the family English name of Ketchum. Twehullahlah was  brave of the Delaware tribe, not a chief. He married first Ahkechlungunaqua, a sister of Memshaquaowha (Captain Patterson). (According to Helen York Rose,  I Walked in the Footsteps..., p.   177, she was of the Turtle Clan). She died about 1805. Their children were:
     2. Lapinnihe had a daughter killed about 1820 or 1821 by the Miami who stole her horses and personal possessions, including a  ceremonial doll. He was chief of the Cape Girardeau Delaware and joined Chief Anderson at James Fork, MO, where he died in  1826.
     2. Tawhelalen signed the 1832 peace treaty as the third Delaware signature.    
2. Tahleeockwhe (Captain Jack, or possibly James. Ketchum), was born 1780 in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, died 11 July 1857 at   White    Church, Kansas and was buried there in the White Church Cemetery. He served in the War of 1812 under General Cass,    enlisting 18    June 1812 and being discharged 1 October 1812 at Fort Wayne, Indiana. Tahleeockwhe became the Chief of the Turtle Clan in 1826, and was Head Chief from 1849 until his death in 1857.  He applied for bounty land on 3 March , Jacket No. 183943. Tahleeockwhe was  a member of the Methodist Church South for 22 years. His wife is not mentioned. National Archive Records)
2. Ahkeelenqua was born 1786,  married Ninundekumen/Owl, A Miami. She was killed 1825 by a Miami Indian.
2. Echelangonaoqua, married a chief. They had a daughter Ahquamdegauackwe. [This source varies from others that indicate that  Echelangonaockwe was the mother of Wilaquenaho. Editor]
2. Wilaquaenaho, born 1795, died 1858, Kansas [Probably incorrect. Evidence leads us to believe that she died about 1875  in Indian   Territory. Editor], married a white trader, William Marshall.  See the entry in the Biographies for Wilaquenaho. Editor.] Their children
         3. John A. Marshall, born 1820, died 1862, married Betsy _______.
          3.Anna Marshall born 1825, died 1905, married Moses Grinter  
3. Lucinda Marshall born 1827
          3. Rosanna Marshall, born 1930, died 1916, married James C. Grinter.
[Other sources show the  possibility of other children. Editor ]

Twehullahlah married second Menshaquowha, a Sandusky Delaware.

 2. Captain George (Kakeewha) (The source says that Menshaquowha "was the mother of Captain George/Kakeewha, so that it is not known for certain whether or not she meant that Twehullahlah was his father.)

Another Descendancy Chart of Twelhullalah (Source?)
1. Twehullahlah
Spouse (1) Ahkechelungunaqua, a Delaware woman of the Turtle Clan. Children:
2. Lapenahile, Chief of the Cape Girardeau Delaware, who died at James Fork, Missouri in 1826
2. Tawhelalen (son)
2. Tahleeockwe/Captain Jack or James Ketchum, Chief of the Turtle Clan, then Principal Chief
2. Daughter killed by the Miami Indians about 1829-1821. Children:
2. Ahkelenqua /Nancy Ketchum, born 1786, killed 1825 by Miami Indians
Spouse Ninundekumen (Owl). a Miami Indian
3. Ahpamundaqua/Nancy, born 1815, died 1871
Spouse Isaac Journeycake
3. Lossetonauqua, born 1811, died 1881
Spouse William Riley Ketchum
3. Loatiaaqua, born 1823, married James Ketchum
3. Aupheehelaqua
2.  Echelangonaoqua
 Spouse (2) Mehshaquowha, a Sandusky Delaware (Provided by Scott Butterfield). [To be continued when the data becomes available. Editor]

1. TWEEHULLAHLA Descendancy Chart (From Helen York Rose, I Walked in the Footsteps of My Ancestors, p 174a)
Spouse 1: Achechelungunaqua of the Turtle Clan of the Delaware, a sister of Captain Patterson
    2. Lepinihe
    2. Tawhelalan
    2. Tahleeockwe (Captain Jack/James Ketchum)
    2. Ahkeelenqua (Nancy Ketchum), married Owl, a Miami
    2. Echelongonaoqua
    2. Wallaquanenaho, married the white trader, William Marshall
Spouse 2: Mashaquowha, a Sandusky Delaware, the mother of Captain George Ketchum/Kakeewha

Times New Roman 14 point. Internet copy 21 May 2005. Photo check A. TH