Created 15 April 2005
5 August 2005
Deanna Peterson email@example.com
Is there anyone else out there who can contribute to the research on this family?
1789 -1790 - Palmer was born about this time in possibly Dutchess County, New York (census)
1810 - Palmer was in the Delaware County, New York census and was married.
1820 - Palmer was in Jefferson Township, Schoharie County, New York census.
1830 - Palmer was in the Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1842 - Palmer was a Methodist minister by this year
1835 - Palmer was in the Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1840 - Palmer was in the Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1850 - Palmer was in the Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1855 - Palmer was in the Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1860 - Palmer was in the in Sanford, Broome County, New York census
1864 23 January - Palmer died at Sanford, Broome County, New York
Palmer Owens) was probably born about 1789-1790 in possibly Dutchess County, New York. He married Catherine "Kate" _______ about 1810. She was born about 1790, probably in New York. According to the 1850 census he was born in Connecticut and Catherine was born in New York. According to the 1855 census, he was born in Dutchess County, New York and she was born in Westchester County, New York. The 1865 Census also says that she was born in Connecticut. In the 1870 census, in the entry for his son, Amos, it says that both he and Catherine were born in Connecticut. So, their birth places have not yet been proven.
There was a Palmer Owen in the War of 1812, but there is no proof that it was the subject Palmer Owen. However, we have never seen any other Palmer Owen in New York, so it seems reasonable that it is he. One record regarding 1812 service says, "For the following pensioners of 1812, or their widows, one hundred and sixty acres of land a piece were obtained through the agency of Levi Seley: Palmer Owen, [and nineteen others." (Source to be added when found.) In a message from Deanna Peterson on 6 June 2005, we now have further information of Palmer Owen's 1812 service:
There was a Palmer Owens in the 5th Artillery and Infantry (Colden's) New York Militia. He was a private in Capt. Zachariah Flagler's Company of Artillery, New York State Militia. He was on the Company Pay Roll Sept & Oct 1814. Commencement of service or of this settlement, September 13, 1814. Expiration or service or of this settlement, October 19, 1814, Term of service charges, 1 month 7 days. Amount of pay 9 dollars 80 cents. Remarks: discharged Sick 11 October 1814. Residence Berne, Albany County. Another card is the Company Muster Roll for September 10 to October 22, 1814. Date of enlistment shown as 13 September 1814. Remarks: discharged Sick 11 October 1814. [However, this is the only time that we have seen Berne, Albany County as his place of residence.]
There is not much known of Palmer Owen's life other than the fact that he was a Methodist Minister (History of Delaware County, 1797-1880, p. 349). We know that he had land from indenture below and the fact that he sold land to his son, Benjamin Owen. (Source to be added later.] That probably means that he was a farmer, albeit perhaps on a small scale, as well. The only public record of him that we have found so far was an indenture (1866), that provides information on Palmer's children and a description of his land.
This indenture, made this first day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty five, Between Benjamin D. Owen, Amos R. Owen, Salley A. Piney, Betsy A. Alexander, Eli W. Owen, James R. Owen of the first part and Clarisa C. Graves of Sandford Broome County New York of the second part. Witnesseth. That the said parties of the first part in considerations of the sum of one hundred dollars to them in hands paid by the party of the second part, the receipt whereof, is hereby confessed and acknowledged, have bargained, sold, remised, and quit claimed, and by these presents, do bargain, sell, remise and quit claim unto the said party of the second part, Clarisa C. Graves and to her heirs and assigns forever All or right, title and interest as heirs at law of Palmer Owen, late of Sanford Broome County New York, diseased [deceased] in and all that certain piece or parcel of lands lying in the Town of Sandford, being in rear lot no. 25 in Randolph township and subdivision no. 1 Broome Tract being in the north half of said lot....containing forty one 25/100 acres of land, being the same more or less, being the same premises owned and occupied by said Palmer Owen....E. W. Knapp. Justice of the Peace. Recorded September 7, 1866 1:245 p.m. A. T. Eggleston, Dep. Clerk. [Details of the metes and bounds and extraneous legal language were not included herein.]
Palmer died on 23 January 1864 at age 74. He was buried in the Methodist Cemetery at Sanford, Broome County, New York. [His birth year and place of birth was deduced from census records; his death year is from New York Cemetery Records, Methodist Church [Cemetery?, p.137; his birth year may have been from another, unknown book listing burials in cemeteries, p.3.] A year after Palmer's death in 1764, Catherine was living, at age 75, with her daughter, Clarissa Graves, and her husband, James Graves. (1865 Census for Sandford, Broome County. Catherine was buried in the Methodist Church Cemetery at Sanford, Broome County, New York. She died on 16 December 1866 at age 75 and was buried in the Methodist Church Cemetery at Sanford. (Unknown book on listing of burials in cemeteries, p. 3 and New York Cemetery Records, Methodist Church [Cemetery?] One researcher said that she had seen Palmer and Catherine's graves in the Methodist Cemetery, but three others of us have been there and could not find them, possibly because the grass and weeds were so high and the hill so steep that most grave markers were hard to find. Someone needs to go there in the dead of the winter to take a look.
According to the 1865 census, Catherine had 12 children. From the 1860 census it appears that Palmer and Catherine had at least six sons and three daughters.
Census Records: Some of these are from the Surname Index for Broome County at Binghamton, New York. Some data are from the online images of Ancestry.com and the Godfrey Library.
[Census Index 1790 US, New York, p.334 . No Owen, but Owens. New York, Ulster County, a Solomon, p. 173, with one male 16 or over, three males under 16, and five females. There is a Benjamin Owens in Pawling, Dutchess County, New York on p. 46, Family or Dwelling No. 67, [Line 24 but line not marked], with 1 male over 16 years of age, 3 females under 16, and three females under 16 (Ancestry.com Online Image). There is also a Benjamin Owens in Montgomery, Ulster County (now Orange County, New York on p.47 (204), Family No. 182 [line 10 unmarked] with 1 male over 16, 4 males under 16, and 4 females (Ancestry.com Online Image 3/7). Palmer Owen who was born about 1789-1790 could have been one of the males under either Benjamin's. There is a Samuel Owens in Amenia Township, Dutchess County and a Solomon Owens in Mamakatin Township, Dutchess County, New York.]
Census Index 1810 New York, p.503[?]
Surname Index for Broome County at Binghamton, New York.
[Line 20. Lewis Owens [possible brother]: Males 1 (26-45); Females 1 under 10, 1 (16-26)]
*[Line 21. Benjamin Owens [Possible father of Palmer]: Males 1 (16-26), 1 (45 and over); Females 1 (16-26), 2 (45 and over) Assuming one female 45 and over was Benjamin Owen's spouse, then who is the second female over 45?) Was this have been his mother? Or her mother?]
Line 22. Palmer Owens. Males 1 (16-26); Females 1 (16-26). This is the first time that Palmer Owen was enumerated as a head of household. Check to ensure that this is Broome County and not Delaware County.
Census 1820 US, New York,
Schoharie County, Jefferson Township, p.121:
Line 6. Palmer Owens: Males 3 under 10, 1 (26-44). Females 1 under 10, 1 (26-44) *Benjamin would be one of the males under 10. [Jefferson Township in on the county line with Harpersfield, Delaware County.]
1830 US, New York,
Broome County, Sandford, p.396:
Line 15 Palmer Owens: Males 2 under 5, 1 (5-10), 1 (10-15), 2 (15-20), 1 (40-50). Females 1 (5-10), 1 (15-20), 1 (40-50)
1835 New York, Broome County, Sandford, p. 3: Palmer Owens with 5 males, 3 females, 1 able to vote.
1840 US, New York,
Broome County, Sandford, p.396.
Line 4. P. Owen: Males 2 (10-15), 1 (15-20), 1 (50-60). Females 1 (5-10), 1 (15-20) 1 (40-50) [Check this figure as it probably should be 50-60.]
1850 Index New York, Broome
County, Sandford, p.182:
Line 4, P. Owen: Males 2 (10-15), 1 (15-20), 1 (50-60). Females 1 (5-10), 1 (15-20), 1 (40-50)
Census 1850 New York, Broome County, Sandford: Enumerated 19 August. Line 10. Dwelling 201 Family 203. Palmer Owen age 60, a farmer, real estate $1,000[?], was born in Connecticut. Line 11. Catherine Owen age 59, was born in New York. Line 12. John Owen age 25, a farmer, was born in New York. Line 13. Eli Owen, age 23, was born in New York. Line 14. Clarissa C. Owen, age 15, born New York. (Ancestry.com Online Images 17 April 2005)
1855 New York, Broome
County, Sandford, First District:
Owen, Palmer age 66 , born Dutchess County, New York.
Owen, Catherine, age 66 , born Westchester County, New York
Owen, James R., age 26 , born Broome County, New York.
[It appears that James R. Owen is the only child remaining at home.]
1860 New York, Broome
County, Sandford, p.182. [p.205 (p.879) MyFamily.com/Ancestry.com Online Image]
Line 21, Dwelling 1759. Family 1759. Palima [Palmer] Owens, age 70 , P.[rotestant] M.[ethodist?] Clergyman. Real estate value $1,000[?] Personal property value $250. Born New York.
Line 22. Catherine Owens, age 69 , born New York.
[A John Owens, age 40 and his wife, Elizabeth Owens are living next door, Dwelling 1758 Family 1759. Amncestry.com Online Image 56 of 77, National Archives Microfilm Roll 653_724. Their son John, was born about 1825. And, Benjamin Owens and Catherine Owens live on the other side at Dwelling 1760 Family 160.]
1865 New York Census for Sanford, Broome County. Palmer is not in the census, but his widow, Catherine is, with her daughter Clarissa (Owen) Graves and her husband, James H. Graves and their family. Catherine at age 78 was reported as being born in Connecticut. See Clarissa's entry below.
According to the 1865 Census for Sandford, Broome County, New York, Catherine Palmer [and presumably Palmer Owen] had 12 children. From the 1860 census it appears that Palmer and Catherine had at least six sons and three daughters. The children that have been identified are:
*1. Benjamin D. Owen was born on 18 January 1812 (Census: 1900 US, Iowa, Boone County, Garden Township) He died on 18 December 1902 in Garden Township, Boone County, Iowa. He was buried in Lot 199, Grave 4 in the Fairview Cemetery in Douglas Township, Madrid, Boone County. (Fairview Cemetery Association Record & Map) He married Sarah (Sary) Hulce. (See his entry in the Benjamin Owen Family)
2. Amos R. Owen was born about 1813 in Broome County, New York. He married Rachel _______. Amos was in the 1835 New York Census in Sanford, Broome County, p.3; the 1855 New York Census in Sandford 1st District, Broome County: Amos Owens, age 42; Rachel Owens 38, wife; Mary Owens, age 18; Ester Owens, age 9; Palmer Owens, age 5 months; the 1860 US New York Census in Conklin, Broome County; the 1870 US New York Census in Conklin, Broome County; the 1875 New York Census in Conklin, Broome County; and, the 1870 New York Census for Kirkwood [?], Broome County, he is listed at age 67, was born in New York, his father was born in Connecticut, and his mother was born in Connecticut, Rachel at age 63 was born in New York father born Connecticut and mother born New York. Census Index 1875 in Conklin, Broome County, New York. Census 1880 Conklin, Broome County. Listed as Parent of Etti Vance Owens, Amos Owens, at age 67, was born in New York, his parents were born in Connecticut; Rachel Owens, at age 63, was born in New York, her father was born in Connecticut and her mother was born in New York.
3. Salley E. Owen was born about 1815. She
married John Pinney who was born about 1809 (The year of the marriage was
from the New York 1850 Census for Sanford, Broome County New York, p. 183.) They
went to Iowa sometime before 1870 as they were enumerated there in the
Washington Township, Bremer County, Iowa Census in Bremer County
(National Archives Microfilm Series M593, Roll 378, p.321, enumerated 15 August 1870): John Pinney age 60, farmer with real estate worth
$3,400 personal property $1,640], was born in New York; Sally Pinney at age 55,
keeping house, was born in New York; Horace Pinney, at age 23, farmer, was born in
New York; George Pinney, age 20, farmer, was born in New York.
4. Betsy A. Owen was born about 1822 in New York. (1860 Census for Colesville, Broome County, New York) She married William Alexander probably before 1845. (Based on the oldest child in the census of 1860.). (The marriage is based on the 1866 Indenture re Palmer Owen's will and on the 1860 census for Colesville, Harpersville Post Office, Broome County, New York) in 1866. Betsy relinquished her inheritance of a share of her father's land under his will to her sister, Clarissa Owen.
Census 1850 New York. Where are Betsy about age 28 and William Alexander, about age 32? There was supposed to have been born in New York.
Census 1860 Colesville, Harpersville Post Office, Broome County, New York, Ancestry.com online image 5/82, National Archives Microfilm M653-724, pp.679-680 (pp.5-6):
(p. 679), enumerated 13 June, Line 39, Dwelling 42, Family 42. William Alexander. age 42 , Mechanic, value of personal estate $100, was born in New York.
Line 40. Betsey A. Alexander, age 38 , was born in New York.
(p. 680), line 1. Leah E. Alexander, age 17, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 2. Marg E. Alexander, age 15, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 3, Willie E. Alexander, age 14, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 4. Arletta E. Alexander, age 10, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 5. Harriet E. Alexander, age 8, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 6. Catherine E. Alexander, age 5, was born in New York
Line 7. Simon F [or P.] Alexander, age 8 months, was born in New York
Line 8. Babe Alexander, age 1 month, was born in New York
[Harriet Alexander, age 13, was enumerated in the 1865 census for Sanford, Brome County with the family of Betsy's sister, Clarissa (Owen) Graves, listed below. A search of the 1860 Census for Sanford, Gulf Summit Post Office, Harpersville Post Office, Broome County, New York, pp.673 and 689 (p. (pp. 5 and 6) shows Betsy E. Alexander with her parents, William Alexander, and Betsy ([Owen] Alexander. Census 1870 Sanford, Gulf Summit Post Office, Broome County, New York, Ancestry.com Online Image 50/72, National Archives Microfilm M593-907, p. ____, enumerated 19 August, Line 34, Harriet Alexander, age 17. born in New York, was a domestic servant in the household of Post Slipper, age 66.
Betsy Alexander does not appear in the 1870 census, although her spouse and four children do. It appears that Betsy (Owen) Alexander died sometime between the 1865 census and the 1870 census and that is why Harriet Alexander is living with her aunt and uncle in the 1870 census. Of the girls, only Arletta Alexander is living with her father, as the housekeeper.
Census 1870 Sanford, Gulf Summit Post Office, Broome County, New York (Online Image 43/82, p. _____[p.50], enumerated 16 August, Line 50, Dwelling 330 Family 339)
Line 32, William Alexander, age 53 , House Painter, was born in New York
Line 33, Arletta Alexander, age 18, was keeping house, was born in New York
Line 34. Simon F. Alexander, age 12, was born in New York, had attended school
Line 35. William W. Alexander, age 8, was born in New York, had attended school.
Line 36. Chas [?] E, age 6, was born in New York, had attended school.
5. John Owen was born about 1825. New York 1855 Census for Sanford, Broome County: John Owen, 25 , was a farmer. New York 1860 Census for Sandford, Broome County. New York for Sandford, Broome County. p.205 (879), enumerated 2 November, Line 19, Dwelling 1758 Family 1758, John Owen, at age 40, was a farmer. Line 20, Elizabeth Owens, at age 42, was born in New York, could not read or write. [Check 1870 and other census. Did he stay in New York or go to Iowa or elsewhere?
6. Eli W. Owen [Do more census research on him.] In the 1850 US Census for Sandford, Broome County, New York, p. 182, Eli Owen was enumerated with his parents. In the Census 1860, Town of Sandford, Broome County enumerated on 7 August, p. 209 (p. 883), Line 11, Dwelling 1790, Family 1790. Eli Owens, at age 32, was a farmer, had real estate $1,600, personal property $300, was born in New York. Line 12, Caroline Owen, age 29, was born in New York. Line 13, Arche Owen, age 6, was born in New York, had attended school. In the 1865 Census for Colesville, Broome County, New York, 2nd. Enumeration District, Eli Owen, was age 37, was born in Delaware County, New York, was a farmer, and had 1 child, Caroline B. Owen, at age 33, was born in Chenango County, New York and Archalus Owen, at age 11, was born in Broome County. Eli Owen was in the 1880 Soundex for Colesville Township, Broome County (5-43-37-4)
7. James Reuben Owen was born on 30 April 1829 (County Clerk's [?] Office Armed Forces Graves Registration Record for Bremer County, Iowa]. His obituary in the Waverly Democrat for 30 May 1907 said:
James R. Owen was born April 30, 1829, in New York state. and died at his home in Waverly, Iowa, May 24, 1907. He was married April 3, 1856, at Sanford, Broom[e] Co., N.Y. to Ruth Hyde. He is survived by his wife and four children, Mrs. George Pinney, C. A. Owen, and E. R. Owen, all of this city, and Mrs. W. H. Justice, of Dixon, Ill, besides eight grandchildren, one son, Fred R. Owen died in 1882. He enlisted in 1862 in the 22d Regiment Volunteers, Wisconsin, serving until the close of the war..... Burial in Harlington Cemetery. [What town and county? (Iowa Cemetery Records, p. 358)
Census 1870 US Iowa, Floyd County, Pleasant Grove Township, p. 251. Check. Floyd County is the county north of Butler County and northwest of Bremer County.
Census 1900 US Iowa, Bremer County, Waverly Township, City of Waverly, Ancestry.com Online Image 23/32 on 21 April 2005, National Archive Microfilm Roll T623 4119, p.12A, Enumeration District 36: Downing Street, Line 28, Dwelling 242 Family 255: James R. Owen, was born in April 1829, at age 71, had been married 40 years, was born in New York, parents were born in New York, own his home free of mortgage.
Line 29. Ruth D. Owen, wife, was born in July 1836, was age 63, had been married 40 years, was born in New York, her father was born in New York and her mother was born in Maine, had 5 children 4 living.
Line 30. Ernest R. Owen, son, was born in September 1876, was age 23, was born in Iowa. was a bakery salesman, occupation berry picker, not employed 3 months
Line 31. Grace I. Owen, daughter, was born in March 1879, was age 21, was born in Iowa
8. Clarissa C. Owen was born about 1835 at Sanford, Broome County, New York. (The LDS International Genealogical Index shows her name as Clarissa Mary Owens.) She married James Henry Graves before 1855 in New York. He was born at Masonville, Delaware County, New York on 26 September [probably] 1828 and he died on 3 October 1915 at Newton, Harvey County, Kansas. She died before 1871.
In the 1850 US New York Census for Sandford, Broome County, Clarissa Owen was enumerated with her parents. In the New York 1855 Census for Sanford, Broome County, Clarasa Graves was enumerated at age 20, was born in Broome County, had lived in Broome County 20 years; James Graves, at age 28, was born in Delaware County, was a farmer, and had lived in Broome County 6 years; Laura was 6/1/2 and had lived in Broome County 6 1/2 years. Catherine Graves, mother [of James Graves], was 73, had been born in Dutchess County, and had been in Broome County 6 1/2 years.
In the 1860 Census for Sandford, Broome County, New York, p. 880, Line 15. Dwelling 1765 Family 1765 James Graves was age 32, a farmer with real estate $10,000 and personal property $400, was born in New York; Clarissa Graves was age 28 and was born in New York; Louise Owen was age 6 and was born in New York; and, Catherine Owen [Palmer Owen's widow] was 70[?] 76[?] and was born In Connecticut. The family next door, line 9, at Dwelling 1764 Family 1764, was that of Benjamin Stiles 42, a farmer with real estate value $15,000 and personal property $830, was born in New York, and his wife, Elizabeth [Stiles] at age 36; Seldin Stiles,. age 17, a laborer, had attended school, was born in New York; Anne Stiles, age 15, was born in New York and had attended school; John Stiles, age 12, was born in New York, had attended school; Alice Stiles, age 9, was born in New York, had attended school. Elizabeth was the sister of James Graves, the spouse of Clarissa Owen. On the other side of Clarissa and James Owen on line 19, Dwelling 1766 Family 1766 was was James L. Owens, age 51, a farmer with $200 real estate, personal property $700, was born in New York; Mary Owen, age 51[?], was born in New York; Mary Owen, a teacher, was born in New York; Harriet Owen, age 18, was born in New York, Ann Owen, age 12, was born in New York. Who is this family?
[To be worked into the text below. Editor] Deanna Peterson Email to Tom Hahn 15 October 2002: I have about decided that Clarissa died between 1 June 1870 and 16 Aug 1870. The information that I have says the census lists everyone who was living in the house on June 1. However, the actual census was taken 16 Aug 1870. What makes me think this is that Clarissa is listed after her daughters on the census which I find unusual. Therefore, my thinking was that perhaps she was living there on June 1, but had died before 16 Aug. So the census taker might have said something like, "Was anyone else living here on June 1?"
CENSUS: 1920 in Independence Township, Appanoose County, Iowa, p. 112A, line 25, there is a Clarissa Owen 87, mother-in-law, living with Thomas L. Patterson, [no wife listed], born Iowa on Farm 113. This would make her birth date about 1833, matching pretty well the birth year of Clarissa in 1835. In 1837 in Iowa would there have been much of a population?
In the 1865 Census for Sanford, Broome County, New York, James H. Graves was age 38, was born in Delaware County, a farmer, a landowner; Clarissa Owen, his wife, was age 30, was born in Broome County; Laura Owen, his daughter, was age 10, was born in Broome County; Flora Owen, his daughter, was 3 7/12, was born Broome County; Catherine Graves, his mother, was age 75, was born in Connecticut, the mother of 12 children, a widow; Harriet Alexander, age 13, a servant, was born in Broome County. Clarissa died on 3 October 1915 at Newton, Harvey County, Kansas.
On 1 August 1866, Clarissa bought from her siblings the land that they [and Clarissa] had inherited from their father who had died in 1764. The land is described in the entry for Palmer Owen, above. This land has not been plotted on a modern topographical map, but it appears that the land was "home land" of Palmer and his family and that Clarissa's purchase was so that she and her family and her mother, Catherine, Palmer's widow, could live there? Catherine Palmer died in December 1866, so maybe that minimized one of the reasons for Clarissa's purchase. Or was it purchased for some other reason? It appears that was one reason Benjamin Owen (and his son, Orson A. Owen and his wife, Addeline Curtis) and Sally (Owen) Pinney (Piney) sold their inheritances as they went to Iowa to live sometime before 1870, as Washington Township, Bremer County, Iowa, was where they were enumerated in the 1870 census. Perhaps Clarissa and James Graves changed their minds about New York once Catherine Owen died in 1866 as they too went to Washington Township, Bremer County, Iowa. It is not known when they went, or whether the families went separately, but they were all enumerated in the 1870 census.
In the 1870 Census for Washington Township, Bremer County, Iowa, National Archives Microfilm Series M593, Roll 378, pp. 321-322, Line 27, Dwelling 54, Family 52, James H. Graves, was enumerated on 16 August 1810 at age 44, a farmer with personal property worth $1,100; Laura Graves, at age 16, was at home, attended school; Flora Graves, at age 8, was at home; Clarissa Graves at age 35 was Keeping House. All were born in New York.
We don't know when Clarissa Graves died and where she was buried. It has been pointed out that it is curious that Clarissa was listed last in the 1870 census above; usually the wife is listed next below the husband if he is the head of the household, which he is in this case. Is it conceivable that Clarissa died between 1 June, when the census began, and the date of enumeration of 16 August? The next thing we know is that James Graves evidently moved to Nebraska as he was enumerated in the Hamilton, Hamilton County, Nebraska 1880 Census (5-99-4-22[?]). In 1885, James Graves was enumerated with Charles and Flora Bishop [his daughter] and their family in the 1885 Nebraska Census for Broken Bow, Custer County, Nebraska on line 84, at age 58, a farmer, with also George Bishop, at age 69 and E. Mary Bishop [Charles's Bishop's parents?] and their daughter, Rose Bishop, age 10. James Graves died on 3 October 1915 at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Charlie Bishop, one and a half miles west of Newton, Harvey County, Kansas and was buried in Newton in the Greenwood Cemetery. In the 1900 Soundex for Harvey County, Kansas, James Graves was listed at 523 West Ninth Street in Newton with Charles Bishop, his son-in-law Edna Graves, a sister-in-law of Charles. His obituary in the Kansas Republican for 4 October 1915, said that he was survived by his daughter, Mrs. Josephus Brown of Newton, a son, J. H. Graves of Oklahoma, and four grandchildren and eight great grandchildren.
Times New Roman 14 point. Revised 20 June 2005. Internet copy 5 May 2005. Photo check A. TH