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25 May 2006


The links on this page have not been checked. Editor

Algonquian Language Family (Algic)

American Indian languages do not belong to a single Amerindian family, but 25-30 small ones....There are around 25 million native speakers of the more than 800 surviving Amerind languages. The vast majority of these speakers live in Central and South America, where language use is vigorous. In Canada and the United States, only about half a million native speakers of an Amerind tongue remain.
The Algonquian Language Family is known as 'Algic" to linguists. "Algonquian" or "Algonkian'" is the general term most often used by the Native Americans who speak them. Spoken in the northern US and Canada, the Algonquian language family includes.  (Native Languages of the Americas: Amerind Language Foundation) Note that we have provided links to the various Algonquian languages. For more information of the work of the Native Language Organization, write to: Laura Redish, Director, Native Languages of the Americas, PO Box 130562, St. Paul MN 55113-0005 :

  • Central Algonquian Languages
  • Cree Languages
  • Attikamekw
  • Cree
  • Michif (Cree-French creole)
  • Montagnais (Innu-aimun)
  • Naskapi
  • Ojibwa Languages
  • Algonkin (Algonquin)
  • Ojibwe (Chippewa, Anishinabemowin)
  • Kickapoo
  • Menomini
  • Mesquakie-Sauk (Sac and Fox)
  • Miami-Illinois
  • Potawatomi
  • Shawnee
  • Eastern Algonquian Languages
  • Abnaki-Penobscot
  • Lenni Lenape Language (Unami, Delaware Indians, Lenape Indian tribe).
  • Maliseet-Passamaquoddy
  • Mi'kmaq
  • Mohegan and Mahican
  • Munsee Language (Stockbridge Munsee, Minsi, Muncee).
  • Powhatan
  • Wampanoag
  • Plains Algonquian Languages
  • Arapaho Languages
  • Arapaho
  • Gros Ventre
  • Blackfoot
  • Cheyenne
  • Lumbee
  • Wiyot
  • Yurok
  • (Native Languages of the Americas: Amerind Language Foundation  )


    In 1889, Daniel G. Brinton and Frederick D. Stone of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania edited the contents of an anonymous MS. in the archives of the Moravian Church at Bethlehem, PA. This, with the additions they incorporated, became A Lenape - English Dictionary. Their consultant was Rev. Albert Seqaqkind Anthony, himself a Lenape, who was the assistant Missionary to the Delawares and "Six Nations" in Canada. For a while, we  included all of this dictionary, but because we have a space (size) limitation of 50 megabytes on this web sites, we have eliminated this section. The American Amerind Foundation is the authority on this subject. The "Native Languages of America" site  is a wonderful one and has so much to offer for all of us. We are grateful for the research of those responsible for the site. Editor

    Native Languages of the Americas:
    Lenape (Unami, Delaware, Lenni Lenape)

    Language: Lenape, also known as Unami or Delaware, is an Algonquian language once spoken in New Jersey and Delaware. Today the language is spoken natively by only one elder, and will soon be lost; as with many dying Indian languages, though, there has been a resurgence in interest among some of the younger generation, and efforts to revive the language are underway. Two closely related languages are considered dialects of Lenape by some linguists, distinct Algonquian languages by others: Nanticoke or Southern Delaware, which was last spoken in the mid-1800's, and Munsee Delaware, which is still spoken by a few elders in Ontario.

    People: The Lenni Lenape are often said to be extinct. This is not so; there are about 11,000 Lenape in Oklahoma, where they were sent by the US government (which only recently stopped incorrectly classifying them as Cherokees), and another 5000 in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, though they do not have federal recognition and their language has nearly disappeared. The Munsee Delaware, in Ontario and Wisconsin, consider themselves a distinct tribe.

    Lenape Language Resources:

    Language Lessons and Linguistic Descriptions

    The links below have not been checked. If you do so, let me know if any of them are not good. Editor

    Brief overview of Lenape, with pronunciation guide, small glossary of animal words, and place names http://www.web-savvy.com/river/Schuylkill/new_lenape.html

    Linguistic critique of erroneous Lenape and other Algonquian language information

    Lenape Dictionaries and Vocabulary Sets

     Lenape-English alphabetical glossary


     Picture dictionary of eastern birds with their Lenape names, including audio files


     Audio phrasebooks taken from Nora Thomson Dean's language cassettes



    Literature and Texts in the Lenape Language

     "Silent Night" translated into Lenape


     Lenape wordlists and a prayer


     Canadian human rights plaque written in the Delaware language


    Lenape Language Preservation and Usage

     Lenape woman raising money for the preservation and revival of the Lenape language


    Demographic information about Unami Delaware from the Ethnologue of Languages

    Lenape Proper Names  Lenape place names
    Lenape Language Resources Available Offline

    List of Lenape language-learning materials available, with order information

    Lenape language-learning audio courses for sale



    The Lenape-Deaware Dictionary (Order of the Arrow): http://www.gilwell.com/lenape

    Lenape Culture and History

    As a complement to the information we have provided about the Lenape language, we would like to present our collection of indexed links about the Lenape people and various aspects of their society. The emphasis of these pages is on American Indians as a living people with a present and a future as well as a past. Lenape history is interesting and important, but the Lenape are still here today, too, and we have tried to feature modern writers as well as traditional folklore, contemporary art as well as museum pieces, and the issues and struggles of today as well as the tragedies of yesterday. Suggestions for new links are always welcome.

    Lenape Tribal and Community Links

    Official homepage of the Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville Band)

    Official homepage of the Delaware Tribe of Western Oklahoma (Anadarko Band)

    Homepages of tribal groups of Lenape and Nanticoke descendents in New Jersey and Pennsylvania


    The Lenni Lenape Historical Society

    Lenape Delaware History Net

    Maps of Lenape Lands

    Some culture and history of the Lenni Lenape, with a map of Schuylkill Watershed labeled with Lenape place names

    Lenape Lifestyle and Tradition

    Cultural and historical information about the Lenape

    Flag of the Delaware Tribe (Lenni Lenape)

    Sketches of traditional Algonquin and Delaware costume

    Detailed discussion of Fox, Huron, and Delaware basic dress, regalia, and hairstyles

    Sites about Carolyn Attneave, Cherokee-Delaware psychologist and philosopher

    Delaware Gender Roles
         Delaware gender, sex, and childbearing traditions
    Seeking Native American Spirituality: Read This First!
         Advice for people researching traditional Lenape religion and other American Indian spirituality

    Lenape Literature and Art

      Various Lenape authors, their lives and work

      Jim Thunder Warrior Beer, Lenape musician

    Lenape History Links
       Compact tribal history of the Delaware

      Sites about the Walam Olum (Red Record or Score), some asserting it is authentic,   others that it is a hoax

    The above links have not been checked. Times New Roman 4 point. Copy 15 December 2004. Photo check A. TH